|Mass coral bleaching on Terumbu Pempang Laut in Aug 2016.|
Terumbu Pempang Laut is one of our largest submerged reefs and located near industrial islands such as Jurong Island and Pulau Bukom.
Merulinid corals. I saw a few colonies with bleaching patches, many with dead portions.
Boulder pore corals, many with large dead portions, some were pale. The Branching pore corals seemed to do better.
Anemone corals, one Carnation coral, one Galaxy coral, one Brain coral, all were alright. I saw many Cauliflower corals, some were alright, others had large dead portions.
I saw a few leathery soft corals, though not as many as before the mass coral bleaching. Those I saw were mostly alright. Although this one had very odd bumps on it.
Asparagus flowery soft coral that were not bleaching.
Giant carpet anemones, and a cluster of many Magnificent anemones, none had anemonefishes. I saw one Haddon's carpet anemone and one Cerianthid. But I didn't come across any Frilly anemones or Fire anemones.
Fluted giant clam on the shore seems alright! We saw it first in Jun 2014.
Common sea stars near the seagrass meadows in the middle of the reef, most were in 'mating' position. The sandy area also had a lot of Oval moon snails.
I was glad to see that the seagrass meadows appear more lush. There were denser growths of Spoon seagrass (large and small leaf blades) and Sickle seagrass, although many patches were heavily covered in epiphytes.
Tape seagrass, some cropped, others with long leaf blades. None of them were flowering. The black filamentous cyanobacteria stuff is no longer coating the seagrassy area. But I didn't any dugong feeding trails unlike our last trip in Aug 2016.
the existing natural shores that may be impacted by the landuse plan by the Ministry of National Development released in Jan 2013 in response to the Populations White Paper with a 6.9 million population target. The dotted margined blue areas are "Possible Future Reclamation".
Photos shared by others on this trip
- Lim Yaohui on facebook.
- Toh Chay Hoon on facebook.
- Dayna Cheah on facebook.
- Heng Pei Yan on facebook and drone shots too.
Others on this trip: Richard Kuah, Lisa Lim.