We start the survey on the rocky southern tip of Lazarus. As usual, there aren't many hard corals. Most were boulder shaped and had dead portions on the top (which is exposed at low tide) but none were bleaching.
On the sandy areas, there were Common sea stars, Cake sand dollars, Oval moon snails and signs of Acorn worms and sand bubbler crabs. It was nice to see an Orange-mouth olive snail which I rarely encounter. In the rubbly areas there were Giant carpet anemones and Long black sea cucumbers. While the rest of the team saw cone snail and pretty gobies and more.
My main mission on this rocky shore was to check up on the Critically Endangered Bonduc (Caesalpinia bonduc). It was badly chewed up with hardly any leaves on it the last time I saw it in Mar 2021. I'm relieved to see that it is lush and healthy today, it was even flowering! This is a very prickly bad-tempered plant! Its fierce hooks will catch onto clothing (or bare skin!) and are hard to dislodge. There are only a few plants known in the wild in Singapore. The one on Lazarus is a male plant, I have seen the female plant on Pulau Semakau.
Asparagus flowery soft corals, as well as a good variety of Leathery soft corals. On this stretch, I saw a Red feather star and a Spider conch snail.
I was so excite to walk the entire lagoon that I didn't have time to slowly comb through the seagrasses for critters. I only noticed large animals. Like the beautiful Snaky sea anemone which is not very commonly encountered in the South. There were also many small snails, a large Fan shell clam and a Ghost crab hunkered down in the soft silty sand.Nov 2019. Today, there is a lot more Noodle seagrasses and Tape seagrasses.
Sickle seagrass.Spoon seagrass (small leaves) and Needle seagrass (narrow leaves).
Smooth ribbon seagrass. Some of those near the high shore was bleaching.
Tape seagrass growing all around the lagoon. The Tape seagrasses at Seringat-Kias are probably the healthiest that I've recently seen from all our other shores.
Noodle seagrass with fresh and often long (30cm and longer) leaves growing all around the lagoon from the south to the north and all along the central part. These are probably only exposed at a good low spring tide like today. Noodle seagrass is not often encountered on our shores.
what was done to create Seringat-Kias. Besides the lush seagrasses in the large artificial lagoon, mangroves and seagrasses have also settled in a smaller Mangrove Lagoon - I last surveyed this in Nov 2020.
Lazarus Island in the Singapore Blue Plan
The cluster of Kusu, Lazarus and St. John's Islands has been recommended by the Singapore Blue Plan 2018 for elevated protection status.
|Kusu Island (left), natural Lazarus Island|
and artificial Seringat-Kias.
DOWNLOAD the Plan, SUPPORT the Plan! More on the Singapore Blue Plan 2018 site.
Photos by others on this survey
Che Cheng Neo
Tang Yong Jen