|Amazing living reefs at Kusu Island, just 15mins|
from the Central Business District, photo taken in Jun 2012.
According to today's media articles of PM Lee's speech, most of what was revealed are not new. I could not find an online version of the PM's full speech, nor diagrams or charts of what actually will be affected. So this is just my best guess interpretation of information currently available.
Changi and Tanah Merah
Proposed developments at Changi include a new air base and a fourth runway at Changi East, Paya Lebar Air Base to be moved to Changi. This is not new as the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) was reported in Mar 2013 to be looking into the feasibility and benefits of a fourth runway.
|From Changi mulling over need for fourth runway |
by Karamjit Kaur Straits Times 18 Mar 13;
|Click on image for larger view.|
|Thick coral growths at Tanah Merah Ferry Terminal,|
seen in Jun 2013.
|Vast living sandy shores at Changi East aka "The Lost Coast"|
during our last visit there in Dec 2012.
|Seagrasses near Changi Point with dugong feeding trails,|
seen in Jul 2013.
- Will Changi run out of runway? With limited room for expansion, Changi needs to come up with a new strategy, Karamjit Kaur Aviation Correspondent Straits Times 20 Jun 13;
- New Terminal 5 likely to be Changi Airport's biggest terminal, Hetty Musfirah Abdul Khamid Channel NewsAsia 8 May 13;
- Changi mulling over need for fourth runway It is part of a larger study on runway capacity, even as 3rd strip is planned, Karamjit Kaur Straits Times 18 Mar 13;
"Southern Waterfront City"
PM Lee reiterated earlier announcements to consolidate all port operations in Singapore that are currently spread across Tanjong Pagar, Keppel, Brani and Pasir Panjang to Tuas, which will also free up space for developments.With the prime land in Tanjong Pagar freed up, Singapore can then build a new Southern Waterfront City, the size of 1,000 hectares or 2.5 Marina Bays, stretching “all the way from Shenton Way to Pasir Panjang, from the east all the way to the west.”
Indeed, the idea of a mega port at Tuas was proposed by the Government's Economic Strategies Committee in 2010 and the consolidation of port operations was announced in Oct 2012 in which the city terminals at Tanjong Pagar, Keppel and Brani, plus those at Pasir Panjang will eventually be merged at Tuas. The port leases at Tanjong Pagar, Keppel and Brani will end in 2027. The mega port will be located at the hockey stick-shaped portion of massive reclamation at Singapore's western tip which has been going on for years.
The Land Use Plan based on the Population White Paper included plans for a "Southern Waterfront City: In the longer term, a new southern waterfront city will extend from Marina Bay along the waterfront from Keppel Channel, through Telok Blangah to Pasir Panjang Terminal. After the relocation of the existing City Terminals and Pasir Panjang Terminal, 325ha and 600ha of water-front land will be freed up respectively. The land will subsequently be redeveloped to provide new commercial and housing developments."
|From the Ministry of National Development's Land Use Plan|
|From A plan to house 2m more people |
Leonard Lim Straits Times 22 Feb 13;
Resorts World Sentosa reclamation near the cable car tower in 2007, and those near Rasa Sentosa were badly impacted by the 2010 mass coral bleaching.
|Seagrass meadows near Underwater World Singapore|
seen in Aug 2013.
|Photo by Heng Pei Yan of blue drum breaking up|
in Aug 2013.
|Seagrasses still hanging on during my last trip here in Jan 2013.|
- Tuas to have mega port for all container shipments Long-term plan will raise efficiency of port operations and free up prime land, Alvin Foo Straits Times 2 Oct 12;
- A plan to house 2m more people Veteran architect proposes building up southern coast, Leonard Lim Straits Times 22 Feb 13;
- Tuas View Extension: Singapore's next big port development Singapore's next port of call may be rising in the west Surveys underway in Tuas View Extension, which looks set to become next big port development, Ronnie Lim and Vincent Wee, Business Times 16 Dec 09;
Can artificial shores support natural marine life?
Yes! This stunning reefscape is growing on artificial pontoons at Marina Keppel Bay and can be easily seen even from above water! This suggests that we should seriously consider allowing nature to be a part of coastal development.
a closer look a them. Among the hard corals seen here are large colonies of delicate branching and plate-forming corals. As well as less common species such as Lettuce coral (Pavona sp.), Horn coral (Hydnophora sp.) and even rarer species such as Cabbage coral (Trachyphyllia geoffroyi).
|Photo by Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.|
|Mangrove trees growing on the artificial seawall|
Pulau Hantu have grown so tall! In Mar 2013
this old post.
Not only are these marine ecosystems beautiful, but they can also play a role in protecting the shores from coastal flooding and rising seas.
Need to protect the mothers!
For natural regeneration to take place, it is important to protect existing natural sites as a continual source of marine life ‘babies’ and plant seeds and seedlings.
Wouldn't be it great if these aspects could be considered in development plans that impact Singapore's shore?