There is small reefy patch on Beting Bronok where sponges, sea fans and other colourful animals grow.
Yellow bumpy sponges were still the most abundant kind, today I saw a wider variety of sponges, which were larger and 'fresh and clean' of sediments. I no longer saw large areas heavily coated in Melted chocolate sponge.
Candelabra sea fans, Gnarled sea fans and one Asparagus sea fan. The Stinging hydroids were still plentiful. I also saw some Spiky flowery soft corals, many Ball flowery soft corals and a few Pink flowery soft corals. The most abundant cnidarian remains Button zoanthids which still cover large areas of the flat, very densely in some parts.
This shore used to be rich in echinoderms. These seem to be fading away. It seems every year, we see fewer and fewer echinoderms. Today I saw one Biscuit sea star, one small Cake sea star, while Kok Sheng saw a few Knobbly sea stars and one Red scaly sea star. I saw a few Orange sea cucumbers. We saw no sea urchins. In the soft silty areas some sea pens, various cerianthids, one Glass anemone. I also saw a Snaky sea anemone (it looked stressed) and healthy Haddon's carpet anemone. I saw one Cuthona nudibranch, while the rest of the team saw many different kinds.The rest of the team saw a wide variety of nudibranchs and sea anemones. As well as two seahorses, one brown and one yellow.
Today at Beting Bronok, I saw about 20 small to medium sized Boulder pore corals. Most were healthy brown, some had pale portions and onlye one was outright bleaching.
Spoon seagrasses (large leaf blades) grow lush and fresh and green (no epiphytes) on most of the southern parts of flats. I have seen this since Jun 2018. I also came across sprinkles of Hairy spoon seagrass in the centre of the flats. I did see small patches of them too since Jun 2018. Sponges, Ball flowery soft corals, cerianthids, Fan shell clams were seen among the seagrasses.
The reefy patch was in much better shape today.
|Reefy patch less lively on Jun 2021|
Over the years, this reefy patch seems to wax and wane. But Beting Bronok remains a pale shadow of itself. This is what the shore looked like in years past...
|Seemed to show some recovery, Jul 2020|
|Not very lively, Jul 2019.|
|Some signs of recovery in Jun 2018.|
|A bit more marine life in 2017.|
|Growths of marine life in Jun 2016.|
|Mostly zoanthids only on the shore, Aug 2015|
|Marine life on at Beting Bronok in 2014|
|Marine life on Beting Bronok in 2013.|
|Colourful marine life at Beting Bronok in 2012.|
|Beting Bronok in 2012.|
Here's what Beting Bronok looked like ten years ago in 2003.
|Beting Bronok in 2003.|
|Beting Bronok in 2003.|
There used to be a wondrous variety of sea fans.
|Sea fans on Beting Bronok in 2004.|
Here's more old photos of marine life at Beting Bronok. Lost forever probably are the wonderful Sunflower mushroom corals and other corals that we used to see here.
Where is Beting Bronok? What is its status and future?
2030 landuse plan by the Ministry of National Development was announced, it was also announced that Beting Bronok and Pulau Unum have been granted 'Nature Area' status. As I understand it, this status means the area "will be kept for as long as possible until required for development". Here's an earlier about 'Nature Area' status seem to mean.
To me, Beting Bronok seems to be in steady decline since the reclamation started at nearby Pulau Tekong . It has since also been affected by the flooding that led to mass deaths at Chek Jawa in 2007, and the coral bleaching in 2010 and a ferry ran aground on Beting Bronok in Jul 2011. Development of Pengerang Johor for a petrochemical complex that was rejected in Taiwan for environmental and health reasons can also impact Beting Bronok.
Photos by others on this trip
Che Cheng Neo
Loh Kok Sheng
Others on this survey: Vincent Choo.