during mass coral bleaching in 2016.
Among the large colonies of corals, only the Honey-combed hexa corals were bleaching or bright pink.
Branching montipora near the landing point is still there and is alright. I only saw a handful of fragments that were bleaching.
leathery soft corals on some parts of this reef! Here's a video clip of one particularly large dense patch.
mass coral bleaching here in 2016.
I saw a few Mushroom corals of various kinds and they were alright.
Sea mat zoanthids, but all the other kinds of zoanthids I saw were alright. I saw two bleaching Smooth frilly anemones, and one bleaching Frilly anemone, but also saw many that were alright. I saw a few Asparagus soft flowery soft corals and they were alright. There were many small clumps of Broad feathery soft corals, all nice and blue and alright.
Giant carpet anemones. None of them were bleaching and some of them had tiny anemonefishes.
corallimorphs. Most were alright, although a few had some polyps that were bleaching.
It was disconcerting to come across some sponges with dead or dying portions. But most of the sponges I saw were alright.
Terumbu Pempang Tengah is close to an area designated for parking of large unused construction sea vessels such as cranes, barges and huge work boats. It lies near Jurong Island and Pulau Bukom.
2030 Landuse Plan by the Ministry of National Development released in Jan 2013 shows plans for 'possible future reclamation' (in light blue surrounded by dotted lines) that may impact Terumbu Pempang Darat and Terumbu Pempang Tengah. More about the possible impact of the 2030 Landuse Plan on our shores.
Posts by others on this survey
Other shores surveyed by others during this low tide
Tanah Merah/East Coast Park by Loh Kok Sheng
Changi Point and Pulau Ubin by Victor Toh