Thanks to Clarence who gathered the NParks team for the trip. Here Clarence examines a seaweed and discovers just how slimy they can be. Seaweeds are slimy to protect themselves, from water loss and possibly also nibbly animals.
Polka-dotted nudibranch (Jorunna funebris) but also found one near what is possibly their food source, the bright Blue jorunna sponge (Neopetrosia sp.)! It seems to be laying an egg ribbon near the sponge! So far, I've only encountered this situation at Pulau Sekudu, many years back.
Cushion sea star (Culcita novaeguineae)! From above it looks just like a stone and is well camouflaged. It is only when we gently look at the underside that it becomes obvious that it is a sea star, although a very round and fat one.
Knobbly sea stars (Protoreaster nodosus) on Cyrene is that we find many small ones here. According to the Star Trackers, Cyrene probably has the largest population of these Endangered sea stars, and the only one with a viable, reproducing population of these magnificent sea stars. So we look for the smallest instead of the biggest sea star! Isnarti has found one of the smallest ones today!
Common sea stars (Archaster typicus) which are considered Vulnerable, and plenty of Cake sand dollars (Arachnoides placenta). We also saw some tiny White sea urchins (Salmacis sp.).
Cyrene is full of echninoderms! And I finally saw the Brown sea cucumber (Bohadschia vitiensis) for myself. This special sea cucumber had been seen earlier by Kok Sheng on Cyrene.
Black long sea cucumbers (Holothuria leucospilota) and many Garlic bread sea cucumbers (Holothuria scabra). Both these sea cucumbers are listed as Vulnerable on the Singapore Red List.
Fan shells (Family Pinnidae) on the shore. Even when they die, these clams are precious for other marine life. Like this little Variable fang-blenny (Petroscirtes variabilis) which has laid eggs on the inside of the shell.
|The layer of eggs are on the lower portion of the photo.|
Grey bonnet snails (Phalium glaucum). She found one of them on a sand dollar which is believed to the the prey of these snails. A gruesome account of how the snails feed goes like this: "The snail first squirts neurotoxic saliva over its prey to paralyse the spines. The snail is initially protected from these spines by the thick skin of the foot. Then, the snail pushes its snout through the unprotected anus, or through a hole bored through the skeleton of the victim which may also be crushed under the weight of the snail."
|The snail 'snorkels' through its siphon which is|
held upright through the notch in the shell.
Isnarti found a Spider conch (Lambis lambis)! She later also found a Top shell snail (Trochus niloticus). Both these large spectacular snails are listed as Vulnerable on the Singapore Red List.
Bleach Watch Singapore.
|Top row: Anemone coral (Goniopora sp.), Cauliflower coral (Pocillopora sp.)|
Bottom row: Leathery soft coral (Family Alcyoniidae), Asparagus soft coral (Family Neptheidae)
why balloon releases are a tragic practice.
in the middle of the "Industrial Triangle". Here is the Pasir Panjang Container Terminals on the horizon.
plans to reclaim the portion of Jurong Island near Cyrene Reef. Hopefully, this will not affect Cyrene too badly.
More about Cyrene Reef!