There is a living reef on Pulau Hantu just across the massive petrochemical plants on Pulau Bukom.
I headed straight for the reef edge. The tide was not as low as our last trip in Jul 2015. Here, there are areas densely covered with a variety of hard corals.
Circular mushroom corals.
Mole mushroom corals, Tongue mushroom corals.
Feather mushroom coral with a Red swimming crab.
Merulina! I didn't know they come in branching forms!
at Chek Jawa, we found some coral-eating nudibranchs at such patches, so nowadays I look closely at them. Today, I noticed a gathering of snails at the area. They too are probably eating the coral. They look like some kind of Drill.
cowrie this is. Some estimates suggest Singapore has lost half of the cowrie species. I hope this is one of the 'lost cowries'.
turban snail, the Tapestry turban snail (Turbo petholatus) which is listed as Endangered in Singapore.
Saw-edged spooner crab. I saw two of them today.
Tiger-tailed seahorse is superbly camouflaged. This one was a 'pregnant' male.
White-rumped sea cucumber. It is identified by the white ring around its butt.
Reef octopus. I saw many of these today.
feather stars with pretty banded arms. The feathery arms have tiny 'hairs' that forms a net so the animal can gather edible particles from the water.
Tape seagrasses, most of those I saw were long. There were sprinkles of Spoon seagrasses, most of them heavily covered in ephiphytes.
compiled in this post. Today, I didn't see any obvious signs of impact to the marine life at Pulau Hantu.
This is the last predawn trip to the South for 2015. Tomorrow we have our last predawn trips to the North.
Photos by others on this trip